The high stiffness and low density of natural fibers makes them a great choice for transportation applications. In any vehicle, the amount of energy consumed is directly related to the weight of the vehicle. Reducing weight is one of the fastest ways to improve fuel economy. This applies not only to automobiles, but also to mass transit vehicles like trains, buses, and even airplanes. Bio-materials can be used in variety of places such as dashboards, paneling, liners, and bumpers.
Until recently, natural fiber composites were considered unacceptable for use in large commercial aircraft interiors, due to their inability to meet strict requirements for flame, smoke, and toxicity (FST) performance. However, research in technologies to meet these requirements has been successfully conducted in recent years by both Boeing and Airbus.
Some benefits of using bio-materials in transportation are: