Flax is one of the oldest plants in the world, and it naturally does not require a pesticide. It can be successful in many different types of soil and climate, provided irrigation, and can mature in about 3-4 months, depending on the type of fiber desired. Fine fiber is ready in 3 months, while the seeds and coarse fiber mature after 4 months.
Flax is native to the Middle East, and has been used for its fiber for thousands of years. Ancient, even prehistoric civilizations in Asia and Europe utilized hemp for rope, clothing, and other fibrous uses. Clothing made from flax fiber is called linen. Egyptians particularly fell in love with the plant, considering its linen a symbol of purity. Priests wore all linen clothing, temple walls were decorated with paintings of the plant, and linen was used to wrap mummies. Linen then spread throughout the ancient world through trade, and the Romans took hold of it for clothing and sails for their ships. In the middle ages, linseed (flax) oil began its use as a dietary supplement. Flax is also one of the fastest growing plants, going from seed to harvest in less than half a year. This makes it far more rapidly renewable than wood and cotton fiber.
The entire flax crop is valuable, from its inner woody core (generally called hurd, shive, or shiv, shive) to its fiber to its seeds. Modern applications of flax in everyday products include flaxseed oils, clothing, papers, and teabags. Flax fibers have been tested to be over twice the strength of cotton.
|Product ID||Material Type||Feedstock||Avg Size|
|HF008||Core||Flax||4-5 mm premium|
|HF000||Core||Flax||4-5 mm standard|